Within the IMPACT approach, there are six broad variables to implement and manipulate to prevent inappropriate behavior and promote positive, proactive behavior:
Interact positively with students
Prepare effective instruction
Arrange the environment
Teach expectations (like a great coach!)T Teach Clear Behavioral Expectations
Identify most commonly used activities and transitions within your classroom such as teacher-directed instruction, independent seatwork, and cooperative groups, arriving at the classroom, beginning class/routines, getting out necessary materials
changes in location, putting things away, cleaning up, leaving the classroom,
school-wide settings (halls, cafeteria, playground, bus waiting areas, assemblies, and so on)
Articulate and clarify for each a activity and transition how students will:
Help (asking for assistance)
Activity (accomplish the assigned task)
Movement (can I leave my area to do…?)
Participation (what does it look like?)
Explore the following resources for teaching behavioral expectations:
CHAMPS: A Proactive and Positive Approach to Classroom Management, 2nd ed.
Discipline in the Secondary Classroom: A Positive Approach to Behavior Management for Grades 9–12, 2nd ed. (Sprick, 2006).
Prepare lessons on your behavioral expectations for each major activity and transition.
Explicitly teach these lessons routinely and when new students enter your room. Continue to monitor, reinforce, and re-teach if necessary throughout the school year.
Resources and References
Dr. Anita Archer www.ExplicitInstruction.org
Dr. Laura Riffel www.BehaviorDoctor.org
Dr. Randy Sprick www.SafeAndCivilSchools.com